How is the service charge code changing?

Consultation is under way on a new edition of the Service charge residential management code, with requirements for more transparency among the main proposals on which members' views are sought


  • Antony Parkinson MRICS

25 April 2022

© David Martin/Unsplash

RICS is consulting on proposed revisions  to the Service charge residential management code, which reflect the way residential leasehold block management is evolving. 

Gone are the days when block managers could focus on ensuring that the internal common parts are clean and safe, bin stores are tidy, and accessible and communal satellite systems are fully operational – some of the frequent causes of resident complaints ten years ago. 

Managers are now reporting ever-increasing workloads and an even wider range of responsibilities. Managing agents have always had a wide range of duties, but also now have to consider safety-critical issues among other requirements. Tasks such as arranging cladding assessments, increasingly intrusive fire risk assessments and, of course, resultant works to resolve compartmentation breaches are now commonplace, not to mention a fundamental part of the role.

Leaseholders also have much higher expectations, not least the right to expect that their homes are safe. Safety includes the elements over which they have no direct control, such as compartmentation and external facades.

Meanwhile, the pressure of increasing workloads and a strong job market have also resulted in experienced and knowledgeable block managers switching careers in favour of less demanding roles. 

Revisions and updates

Although the code is not a silver bullet, it can and should form the basis of consistent and effective management for residential leasehold blocks and estates across the sector. This is regardless of where managing agents, and indeed blocks of flats, are located.

With the current, third edition of the Service charge residential management code now six years old, RICS established an expert working group (EWG) of leasehold professionals – including landlords, managing agents, lawyers and the judiciary – to review the document. 

The EWG considered the current edition and identified where updates and other changes might be made. These proposals were evaluated, and many were incorporated into a revised draft. Updates include reordered sections and additions to the glossary. Importantly, the definition of 'you' has also been revised: this is a term used throughout the code and in previous editions has been focused on agents acting on behalf of landlords.

The updated definition clarifies that 'you' signifies all landlords, regardless of whether they have appointed an agent. This is critical, because it is landlords who bear the most responsibility for ensuring their buildings comply with the legislation to which the code refers.

'Although the code is not a silver bullet, it can and should form the basis of consistent and effective management for residential leasehold blocks and estates across the sector'

Accurate service charges central to transparency

Ensuring transparency is the fourth edition's main objective. The aim is to help landlords and agents streamline the processes for providing information to leaseholders in a planned and upfront manner. It means that leaseholders will not have to make requests for information, in turn freeing block managers from having to respond to multiple emails, calls and letters dealing with issues that could have been anticipated and covered as part of previous communications.

In relation to the demanding of service charges, proposals set out in the draft fourth edition include the implementation of Standard Industry Cost Classifications to reflect the commercial code. This is key for consistency because aligning the residential and commercial codes will help surveyors and property managers who manage both property types, including mixed-use developments that include commercial and residential units.

It also introduces the use of preventative maintenance plans to inform anticipated expenditure and resultant reserve fund collection. Apportionment schedules will be introduced as well, to show leaseholders the basis and rationale for the service charges they pay.

There is also a new introduction to the document, advising landlords and agents to pay particular attention to ensuring that service charge budgets on new developments reflect future costs. Developers commonly market new-build apartments with a quoted service charge, but this may in fact reflect figures with limited basis or rationale that are being quoted for competing developments. 

As a result, service charge hikes in the second year of leases are possible and, in some cases, highly probable, which is clearly unfair for leaseholders. So managing agents must ensure they are satisfied that the initial service charge budget reflects steady-state costs, with any deviations, unknowns or anticipated uplifts being communicated to leaseholders before purchase. 

Account approvals support understanding of expenditure

Enhanced requirements for service charge accounts are also proposed. These include their approval by the landlord, or by the agent on the landlord’s behalf, as well as by the accountant. This is to ensure that accounts are approved as a true reflection of the actual expenditure, and that such expenditure is recoverable as service charges in accordance with the lease. 

Landlords or their agents are also required to provide explanatory notes to leaseholders, to outline any variances between budget and actual expenditure. This is crucial. While many agents already provide such notes, by no means all of them do. The result is that leaseholders send multiple emails requesting clarification. Providing clear explanations upfront goes a long way to alleviate tensions and reduce time-consuming communications between leaseholders and agents.

Leaseholders almost always foot the bill for communal costs but may have little say in how things are done. While the code cannot change this, transparency will go a long way in ensuring that leaseholders are well informed before purchasing a property, and throughout their ownership.

Silver bullet or not, transparency must be integrated into the way we manage leasehold property. Commonhold will undoubtably become increasingly common as a tenure, but leasehold is likely to be here to stay for many. We must therefore embrace opportunities to make a significant difference for millions of leaseholders. 

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Share your views

The consultation on the fourth edition of the Service charge residential management code is open until 16 May 2022. It allows anyone affected – including leaseholders, landlords, managing agents and registered providers – to submit feedback and help shape the new edition.  

Antony Parkinson MRICS is property standards senior specialist at RICS and chair of the EWG for the fourth edition of the code

Contact Antony: Email | LinkedIn
Related competencies include: Landlord and tenant, Leasing and letting, Property management 

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